Pitch and putt is an amateur sport, similar to golf and is also known as chip and putt. They may be constructed to provide a core or supplementary attraction for visitors to a hotel or commercial resort, as the centrepiece to a real estate development, as an exclusive Country Club, or as a "Pay and Play" course open to the general public. Chip A short shot (typically played from very close to and around the green), that is intended to travel through the air over a very short distance and roll the remainder of the way to the hole. An ace, commonly known as a hole-in-one, is the best score out there. Birdie A hole played in one stroke under par.  A golfer may place his ball directly on the surface of the teeing ground (called hitting it "off the deck"), or the ball may be supported by a manufactured tee (limited to a height of four inches), or by any natural substance, such as a mound of sand placed on the teeing surface, The tee markers are often color-coded for easy identification of the tee box; the order of colors, their names where appropriate, and the distance of each tee to the hole is provided on the scorecard and/or on signs identifying each hole. Players typically gather in the 19th Hole after their round to tally scores, settle bets and enjoy some beverages. An executive course or short course is a course with a total par significantly less than that of a typical 18-hole course. Combined with the need to package all the fairways within what is frequently a compact square or rectangular plot of land, the fairways of a course tend to form an oppositional tiling pattern. In the UK particularly, some older private members clubs have an associated "Artisan" club, originally established to provide low-cost golf with limited playing rights in exchange for unpaid work on the course. (iii) The entirety of a golf facility, including course, club-house, pro-shop, practice areas etc. [L] Lie (i) How the ball is resting on the ground, which may add to the difficulty of the next stroke. [B] Back nine The last nine holes of an 18 hole golf course. These are considered the best greens because they may be cut to an extremely low height, and because they may be grown from seed. Fairway The area of the course between the tee and the green that is well-maintained allowing a good lie for the ball. Eighteen-hole courses are traditionally broken down into a "front 9" (holes 1–9) and a "back 9" (holes 10–18). “Gimmes” are not allowed by the rules in stroke play, but they are often practiced in casual matches. Back Nine: As the name suggests, these are last nine holes of an 18-hole golf course.‘Back Side is another name for ‘Back Nine’. At Silverstone, the tips would be our set of silver tees. Backspin A backwards spin that occurs when a player strikes the golf-ball. In the U.S., land administered by the Army Corps of Engineers, such as those bordering levees and lakes, is often desirable for building courses, due to the scenic natural views and the unsuitability of the land for other purposes due to it lying in a planned flood plain. Golf course superintendents are often trained in the uses of these practices and grasses. More recent courses (and especially inland courses) tend to be designed with the front 9 and the back 9 each constituting a separate loop beginning and ending at the clubhouse. This is increasingly the case as new courses are more likely to be sited on less optimal land. And, yes, par-6 holes do exist. Many private courses are found at country clubs. The object of … Scramble When a player misses the green in regulation, but still makes par or better on a hole. Every hole has an individual personality including numerous bunkers, large waste bunkers, plentiful grass depressions and mounds which line the sculpted fairways. Nineteenth Hole: Within Golf Terminology this is a term referring to the "Clubhouse Bar" visited after an 18-Hole round of golf. The Flags in Golf. In these areas, course builders are often prohibited from growing and maintaining non-native grass on areas of the course other than the fairway, or even on the fairway itself, in which case only greens are allowed to have grass. Players typically gather in the 19th Hole after their round to tally scores, settle bets and enjoy some beverages. Players must repair their pitch marks, usually with a tee or a divot tool. They can be effectively used when there is a large difference in total course distance between two traditional tee levels. An overdone draw usually becomes a hook. Where a 7,000-yard course used to be a great rarity, courses measuring 7,500-yards are now not uncommon, and courses of 8,000-yards are being contemplated.  It is on links land near the towns of central eastern Scotland that golf has been played since the 15th century.. Double bogey A hole played two strokes over par. The shape and topology of the green can vary almost without limit, but for practical purposes the green is usually flatter than other areas of the course, though gentle slopes and undulations can add extra challenge to players who must account for these variations in their putting line. Special rules apply when playing from a hazard. There may even be a practice course (often shorter and easier to play than a full-scale course), where players may measure the distance they can obtain with a specific club, or in order to improve their swing technique. Fourball In matchplay, a contest between two sides, each consisting of a pair of players, where every individual plays his own ball throughout. Also called a “fat” shot, or “chili-dipping”. In Saudi Arabia and elsewhere in arid regions, golf courses have been constructed on nothing more than oil-covered sand. Also called a hole in one. Pitch and Putt, specifically its governing association the IPPA, has received financial support and logo rights from the R&A. Some environmentalists and other activists continue to lobby against the building of new golf courses, claiming they may impede corridors for migrating animals and damage sanctuaries for birds and other wildlife, though some courses have become havens for native and non-native creatures. The first documented mention of the word 'golf' is in Edinburgh on 6th March 1457, when King James II banned ‘ye golf’, in an attempt to encourage archery practice, which was being neglected.Before the creation of dictionaries, there was no standardised spelling of any given word. Nip it: The Golf Slang term " Nip It " means to hit an iron shot without taking a divot. Most of them have 18 holes that are between a hundred and 500 metres long. Tees are a small wooden or plastic peg used to hold the ball up, so that when hit by the club the ball travels as far as possible. Also known as the fringe. The United Nations estimates that, worldwide, golf courses consume about 2.5 billion gallons/9.5 billion litres of water per day. [O] Out-of-bounds The area designated as being outside the boundaries of the course. Special rules apply to playing a ball that falls in a hazard. Environmental concerns over the use of land for golf courses have grown since the 1960s. While many holes are designed with a direct line-of-sight from the teeing ground to the green, a hole may bend either to the left or to the right. In some parts of the world, attempts to build courses and resorts have led to protests, vandalism, and violence. In simplified terms, a handicap number, based on the slope of a course, is subtracted from the player’s gross score and gives him a net score of par or better half the time. "Why does a golf course have 18 holes? Other Australian golf courses in locations where water is scarce or water conservation is a priority sometimes feature "scrapes" in place of greens. D.J. Often, a golf course will include among its facilities a practice range or driving range, usually with practice greens, bunkers, and driving areas. Putting, chipping, pitching, and greenside bunker play are all aspects of the short game. 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