, The castle is regularly described as one of the most photographed monuments in Scotland, and is a recognised Scottish icon, frequently appearing on packaging and advertising for shortbread, whisky and other products. This structure, 11.5 m (37 ft 9 in) across, contains a well at its lowest level, 5 m (16 ft) across and 10 m (33 ft) deep. Dredging of the reservoir in 1893 recovered two brass guns, referred to as "double hagbuts", and measuring around 1 m (3 ft) long with a bore of around 25 millimetres (1 in). Donnan was a Celtic saint martyred in about 617, and it’s said that his followers once built a church upon the island – although we’ve little evidence of that.Scottish legends say that the castle was founded by a mysterious warrior, blessed with the skills to talk to birds after drinking from a raven’s skull at birth (see ‘the legend’, below).More prosaically, a ca… Mackenzie refused, and Earl William led an assault against Eilean Donan that the Mackenzies and their allies repulsed. The survey drawings by Lewis Petit were not rediscovered until the restoration was almost complete, and the restorers therefore were forced to rely on less accurate interpretations such as the work of MacGibbon and Ross, who attempted a plan of the remains in the late 19th century. , Small tidal island in the western Highlands of Scotland, Eilean Donan shown within Ross and Cromarty, The 13th-century curtain wall enclosed most of the island, The smaller enclosure in the 15th century, and the 16th-century buildings, Addition of the "hornwork" in the later 16th century, Following reconstruction in the 20th century, Jacobite rising and destruction of the castle, General Register Office for Scotland (28 November 2003), harvnb error: no target: CITEREFStevenson2004 (, harvnb error: no target: CITEREFMiers2008 (, harvnb error: no target: CITEREFEilean_Donan_Castle_Official_Guide1999 (, "Appendix 2: Population and households on Scotland's Inhabited Islands", Statistical Bulletin: 2011 Census: First Results on Population and Household Estimates for Scotland Release 1C (Part Two), Scotland's Census 2001 – Occasional Paper No 10: Statistics for Inhabited Islands, "The Battle of Glenshiel, 10th June 1719", "Short film meant to accompany 'Empire Strikes Back' makes a comeback", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Eilean_Donan&oldid=999274795, Category A listed buildings in Highland (council area), Historic house museums in Highland (council area), Uninhabited islands of Highland (council area), Articles containing Scottish Gaelic-language text, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 9 January 2021, at 10:18. , In the earlier thirteenth century, during the reign of Alexander II (ruled 1214–1249), a large curtain-wall castle (wall of enceinte) was constructed that enclosed much of the island. , In 1539, Donald Gorm Macdonald of Sleat ravaged the lands of MacLeod of Dunvegan on Skye, and then attacked the Mackenzie lands of Kinlochewe, where Miles (Maolmure), brother of Christopher Macrae, was killed. I think that Eilean Donan is on every single Scotland Calendar -- it is the most photographed castle in Scotland! More Scottish Castles.  Feuding broke out in 1580 and continued for almost 25 years. In the castle Mary saw the baptism of her son, James VI . It takes its name from a Gaelic Priest, Saint Donnán of Eigg who lived around 580 AD and was martyred while trying to bring Christianity to the Pictish people of north western Scotland. , The castle was founded in the thirteenth century, and became a stronghold of the Clan Mackenzie and their allies the Clan MacRae.  Christopher was succeeded as constable by the Rev.  Farquhar was thus the last constable to dwell in Eilean Donan until its reconstruction, although he retained the ministry of Kintail until his death in 1662, at the age of 82. Led by the Earl of Mar, it was an attempt to restore the exiled James Stuart, the "Old Pretender", to the throne. Through this period Eilean Donan is said to have been held by Duncan Macaulay for the Mackenzies, against the Earl and his allies. Another beach to the southwest may have formed a second access. , After this time, the castle was briefly occupied by the Earl of Balcarres and his wife, who were in the Highlands in support of the Earl of Glencairn's royalist uprising, although Balcarres later disagreed with Glencairn and departed. Eilean Donan Castle: Beautiful old lady - See 4,314 traveller reviews, 4,337 candid photos, and great deals for Kyle of Lochalsh, UK, at Tripadvisor. Eilean Donan Castle tours , gifts and prints.  In June 1654 General Monck, Oliver Cromwell's military governor in Scotland, marched through Kintail while suppressing the uprising. Castle owned by the Clan Mackenzie have included: Eilean Donan Castle was long held by the Mackenzies of Kintail and it may have been given to them after they helped to defeat the Norsemen at the Battle of Largs in 1263. Discover (and save!) Tel: 01599 511440. In around 1602 Eilean Donan was the base for a sea skirmish at the narrows of Kyle Rhea led by Christopher's son Duncan. The hornwork comprises a pair of walls enclosing a triangular courtyard, linking the east wall of the castle with an irregular hexagonal (or heptagonal) structure.  The following year the Earl's brother, Simon Mackenzie of Lochslin, gathered troops for the royalist cause around Eilean Donan. Another apparition, Lady Mary, is Perhaps the most picturesque of all Scottish castles, Eilean Donan. Photo Credit Over the years the bounds of the castle grew from a small 13th centure fortress to expand to cover most of the island by the 15th and 16 th centuries, when the wall was also reduced. Fionnla Dubh mac Gillechriosd, considered by clan historians to be the founder of the Clan Macrae in Kintail, was dispatched to fetch the young laird back. Saved by Mary McCrea. Following the failure of the rising of 1715, the Jacobites found new support from Spain, now opposing both Britain and France in the War of the Quadruple Alliance. In 1650, after the king's execution, the Parliament of Scotland ordered a garrison to Eilean Donan. Mackenzie clan histories relate that, although several chiefs were executed or imprisoned, Alexander, due to his youth, was instead sent to Perth to attend school. Eilean Donan New Amsterdam My Ancestors My Heritage Scotch Whisky Norway Scotland Restoration Castle. The local people did not welcome the garrison. Scant remains of these walls can be traced on the ground, running around the northern end of the island. Eilean Donan castle was restored in the early part of the 20th Century and it was discovered that the castle had not lain completely empty while in its ruinous state. Eilean Donan Castle, Scotland.  During his lairdship Alexander appears to have supported the monarchy against the MacDonald Lords of the Isles and was allegedly rewarded by another charter of Kintail in 1463. Eilean Donan Castle in the Scottish Highlands is the most beautiful and most photographed castle in Scotland. Apr 8, 2015 - This Pin was discovered by Mary McCrea. In 1714 while surveying fortifications for the government, the military engineer Lewis Petit made the only surviving drawing of Eilean Donan.  Kenneth died a few years later and was succeeded first by his eldest son, then on his death in 1497 by his second son, John of Killin, who was still a minor.  Traditional Mackenzie clan histories relate that Earl William sought advantage from the Treaty of Perth of 1266, by which King Magnus VI of Norway ceded the Hebrides to Scotland, and demanded that his kinsman Kenneth Mackenzie return the castle to allow his expansion into the islands. A picturesque castle that frequently appears in photographs, film and television dominates the island, which lies about 1 kilometre (5⁄8 mi) from the village of Dornie. Early in the morning on Sunday 10 May 1719 HMS Worcester, HMS Flamborough and HMS Enterprise anchored off Eilean Donan and sent a boat ashore under a flag of truce to negotiate. , The Mackenzie clan histories also claim (with little, if any, supporting contemporary evidence), that Robert the Bruce sheltered at Eilean Donan during the winter of 1306 to 1307; the castle escaped any other involvement in the Wars of Scottish Independence. , James I, determined to pacify the Highlands, journeyed to Inverness in 1427 and invited the principal chiefs to meet him there. The ghost of one of the Spanish troops, killed either at the castle or the nearby battle, is said to haunt the castle. The keep itself follows the original dimensions, though the formerly subdivided ground floor is now a single room: the tunnel-vaulted Billeting Hall. The family changed their name to Mackenzie, and Eilean Donan became their main stronghold. Eilean Donan Castle. Explore. The water-filled interior would have been crossed by a removable bridge, presenting an obstacle to attackers. The castle was almost totally destroyed in 1719, after which almost 200 years passed before reconstruction began.  The tower measured 16.5 by 12.4 m (54 ft 2 in by 40 ft 8 in), with walls 3 m (9 ft 10 in) thick. According to Worcester's log, in the castle were "an Irishman, a captain, a Spanish lieutenant, a serjeant, one Scotch rebel and 39 Spanish soldiers, 343 barrels of powder and 52 barrels of musquet shot. " The naval force spent the next two days and 27 barrels of gunpowder demolishing the castle.  Flamborough then took the Spanish prisoners to Edinburgh. Robert the Bruce took refuge here in 1306 . , Eilean Donan, which means simply "island of Donnán", is named after Donnán of Eigg, a Celtic saint martyred in 617. Macrae-Gilstrap also established a war memorial dedicated to the men of the MacRae clan who died in the First World War. The first phase comprised a curtain wall enclosing much of the island with a tower house added in the 14th century. Lieutenant-Colonel John Macrae-Gilstrap's twentieth-century reconstruction of the ruins produced the present buildings. said to haunt one of the bedrooms. Eilean Donan Castle Contact Address Telephone Number and Website Contact Details Eilean Donan Castle Dornie By Kyle of Lochalsh IV40 8DX Telephone: (01599) 555202 The official website of the Eilean Donan Castle is www.eileandonancastle.com More Scottish Ghosts. The sketch-elevation and carefully drawn plan show a dilapidated castle, largely roofless but for a small building by the entrance.. The chiefs of the Scottish highland Clan Mackenzie were historically known as the Mackenzies of Kintail.By tradition the Mackenzie chiefs descend from Kenneth Mackenzie, 1st of Kintail (d. 1304) however their earliest ancestor proven by contemporary evidence is Alexander Mackenzie, 6th of Kintail (d. 1488). Sep 3, 2014 - Lt. Col. John MacRae-Gilstrap and Isabella Mary ... Eilean Donan. Eilean Donan (Scottish Gaelic: Eilean Donnain) is a small tidal island where three sea lochs meet, Loch Duich, Loch Long and Loch Alsh, in the western Highlands of Scotland.A picturesque castle that frequently appears in photographs, film and television dominates the island, which lies about 1 kilometre (5 ⁄ 8 mi) from the village of Dornie.  Eventually, John compelled his uncle to relinquish his claim, and Hector agreed to hand over Eilean Donan. At the beginning of May, the Royal Navy sent ships to the area. Above the door is a Gaelic inscription which in translation reads: "As long as there is a Macrae inside, there will never be a Fraser outside", referring to a bond of kinship between the two clans, and a similar inscription which once adorned the Fraser's home at Beaufort Castle.  By the middle of the 14th century the Mackenzies are said to have been on the losing side in the ongoing feuding with the Earls of Ross. Located just inside the gate, this is likely to have served as a house for the castle's constable or keeper, and is the only building shown with a roof on Petit's survey.  Alexander died in about 1488 at a great age, and was succeeded by Kenneth Mackenzie, 7th of Kintail who won the Battle of Blar Na Pairce against the MacDonalds. with Spanish troops during the Jacobite rising of 1719, but three frigates battered it into submission with cannon, and it was blown up from within. The apparition of Lady Mary has been witnessed many times in one of the bedrooms in the castle. Eilean Donan Castle: Beautiful old lady - See 4,313 traveller reviews, 4,335 candid photos, and great deals for Kyle of Lochalsh, UK, at Tripadvisor. History of the Eilean Donan Castle. These have been found in other parts of … Sadly this is also the place where she sees him for the last time. Weddings. The constable refused however, and John's supporters laid siege.  During the 16th century, two buildings were added to the southern periphery of the enclosure. The southern part is sited outside the line of the inner curtain wall, with a northern wing, which may have been a slightly later addition, inside the wall. , At an unknown period, probably in the later 14th century or early 15th century, the outer wall was abandoned in favour of a smaller defensive enclosure, around 25 m (82 ft) square.  Small mural chambers within the walls are accessed from each hall. your own Pins on Pinterest. Also recovered was a yett, an iron gate, probably installed in the east door to the bastion, but now on display inside the castle. Eilean Donan is part of the Kintail National Scenic Area, one of 40 in Scotland. The original castle was destroyed in 1719 when 3 English frigates attacked the Spanish troops garrisoned there. William Mackenzie, 5th Earl of Seaforth, joined the Jacobite army, leading out men of the Clan Mackenzie and Clan Macrae.  In 1983 ownership of the castle was transferred to the Conchra Charitable Trust, established by the Macrae family to maintain and restore the castle, and a purpose-built visitor centre was opened on the landward side of the bridge in 1998. A major Jacobite uprising took place in 1715. Opposite the castle is the sculptured impression of a human foot in a stone.  In the movie Made of Honor Eilean Donan can be seen as home of the groom's family.. Eilean Donan Castle. 14th-century tower of three storeys and a gabled garret. More development within this courtyard took place in the 16th century, as well as the addition of defences on the eastern side. Here are the two most sighted: The Green Lady is Stirling’s most famous ghost, thought to be a maidservant to Mary Queen of Scots, who was crowned here.. I highly recommend staying here is you are going to the Isle of Skye. Preview our unique range of Eilean Donan Castle prints and gifts including fashion face masks, t-shirts,phone cases , metal prints, throw pillows, stickers and hoodies. James IV supplied a ship to support the enterprise.  Kenneth's young son Murdo Mackenzie supposedly evaded the Earl's attempts to eliminate him, and on the return of David II from exile Murdo Mackenzie was allegedly confirmed in the lands of Kintail and Eilean Donan by a charter of 1362 (of which, however, no trace survives to the present day).  Rather than a genuinely medieval castle, Eilean Donan is described as "a romantic reincarnation in the tradition of early 20th-century castle revivals. With the assistance of Leod Macgilleandrais, the Earl allegedly apprehended Kenneth Mackenzie, 3rd of Kintail, and had him executed in 1346 at Inverness. William Mackenzie, 5th Earl of Seaforth, had it garrisoned , In the civil wars of the mid 17th century, the Earl of Seaforth sided with Charles I. He was finally persuaded to leave without violence, stating that he was too old to dwell in the cold castle. The tower, according to Petit's later drawing, was topped by crowstep gables, and surrounded by a walkway and bartizans (small turrets) at the corners. No remains of any Christian buildings survive, though fragments of vitrified stone, subjected to very high temperatures, have been discovered indicating the presence of an Iron Age or early medieval fortification. Sir George Mackenzie of Tarbat had a ratification of 1681 for the lands of Eilean Donan, with the castle, fortalice and mills thereof. The eastern and southern segments of this wall are largely obscured by later development, although the enclosure is assumed to have contained an area of around 3,000 square metres (32,000 square feet). Farquhar initially resisted, and despite interventions by the young Kenneth, had to be marched out by Lochslin and George Mackenzie (later Earl of Cromartie). It sits on a small island, reached only by a stone bridge and is truly a picturesque setting. Eilean Donan (Scottish Gaelic: Eilean Donnain) is a small tidal island where three sea lochs meet, Loch Duich, Loch Long and Loch Alsh, in the western Highlands of Scotland. When the Spanish soldiers in the castle fired at the boat, it was recalled and all three ships opened fire on the castle for an hour or more.  By 1714, Lewis Petit's drawing clearly shows that the castle was largely derelict, with only the house at the southeast corner being roofed. , In 1689, King James VII of the House of Stuart was declared to have to forfeit the throne, and the crown was offered to William of Orange, in the so-called "Glorious Revolution". There is said to be many ghosts in Stirling. Eilean Donan Castle is one of the most recognised castles in Scotland, and probably appears on more shortbread tins and calendars than any other. , Between 1919 and 1932, the castle was rebuilt by Lt. Col. John MacRae-Gilstrap. 4. The expected uprising of Highlanders did not occur, and the main Spanish invasion force never arrived. Although quite ruinous, it was completely rebuilt Travel. In preparation 50 wrongdoers were rounded up and executed, their heads being displayed on the castle walls to Moray's approval. The enclosure was accessed via a sea-gate in the north-west curtain wall, where a small beach would have allowed boats to be drawn up. in the 20th century.  Eilean Donan has made several appearances in films, beginning with Bonnie Prince Charlie in 1948 and The Master of Ballantrae in 1953. The vaulted ground floor was originally divided in two, with a stair in the north wall giving access to the first-floor hall. " John Gifford, analysing the building against the Petit survey, notes a "fussy elaboration of what was probably plain originally, and an omission of decoration where it once existed", and describes the interior as "a rubbly Edwardian stage-set for life in the Middle Ages". The battle was indecisive and the rising collapsed soon after. Eilean Donan was opened to the public in 1955, and has since become a popular attraction: over 314,000 people visited in 2009, making it the third-most-visited castle in Scotland.  Mapmaker Timothy Pont (c. 1565–1614) left a description: The castell of Ylen Donen is composed of a strong and fair dungeon [i.e. In 1539 it was besieged by Donald Grumach (or Gorm) MacDonald, a claimant to the Lordship of the Isles, but he was killed by an arrow shot from the castle by Duncan In 1331 Randolph, Earl of Moray, executed 50 men at Eilean Donan and adorned the castle walls with severed heads. After a series of retaliatory raids, Donald Gorm learned that Eilean Donan was weakly garrisoned and launched a surprise attack. Asia Destinations.  Colin Mackenzie of Kintail was created Earl of Seaforth in 1623. Photo about Beautiful lady looking at Eilean Donan Castle during a warm summer day - Dornie, Scotland - United Kingdom. Eilean Donan Castle, a romantic castle in a beautiful spot, much photographed and long a property of the Mackenzies, near Dornie on the road to Skye in the Highlands of In the evening under the cover of an intense cannonade, a detachment went ashore in the ships' boats and captured the castle against little resistance. 22 Edinburgh Road , The present castle buildings are entirely the result of 20th-century reconstruction by Gilstrap-Macrae, who commissioned Edinburgh architect George Mackie Watson to draw up the plans. His troops destroyed much property, and stole 360 of Farquhar Macrae's cattle, though only one man was killed. became constables of the castle. The castle has been used as a film location in several movies, including Bonnie Prince Charlie (1948) with David Niven, The Master of Ballantrae (1953) starring Errol Flynn, the The castle was captured by the Earl of Huntly in 1504, and in 1509 the MacRaes The Queen almost died when, asleep in her bed, her bedroom curtains caught fire from a candle. William III, Earl of Ross granted Kintail to Raghnall Mac Ruaidhrí in 1342.  Arrows launched by the attackers killed Matheson and the warden, but MacGillechriosd managed to hit Donald Gorm with his last arrow, fatally wounding Gorm, and the Macdonalds retreated. During the action the MacDonalds were driven on to the Cailleach Rock at the eastern tip of Skye and Angus, son of MacDonald of Glengarry, was killed.  At some point in the 17th century, this elaborate access was abandoned and a more convenient entrance opened in the south wall of the hornwork. Contact Janet Ellis.  Above this is carved the coat of arms of John Macrae-Gilstrap. Lady Mary. The spirit of one of the fallen Spanish soldiers is said to linger in what is now the gift shop, with his head tucked under his arm! Shortly thereafter the garrison departed.  At the southwest corner of the enclosure, an L-plan block was put up, possibly as late as the early 17th century.  Duncan MacGillechriosd expected to be appointed as the new constable but was considered too headstrong: the local clergyman John MacMhurchaidh Dhuibh (John Murchison) was appointed as a compromise between rival Macrae and Maclennan interests. Murdoch Murchison, minister of Kintail. The entrance to this smaller courtyard was from the east. OPEN: Open Feb-late Oct, daily 10.00-18.00; late-Oct-Dec 10.00-16.00; last admission 60 mins before closing; check winter opening. After attending Edinburgh University and taking holy orders, in 1618 he was appointed constable of the castle and minister of Kintail on the death of Murdoch Murchison.  In 1331 Thomas Randolph, Earl of Moray, sent an officer to Eilean Donan to warn the occupants of his forthcoming visit. Tel: 01599 555202 Web: www.eileandonancastle.com. Bond film The World is Not Enough (1999), Loch Ness (1996) with Ted Danson, and the Highlander franchise. Eilean Donan Castle: Beautiful old lady - See 4,235 traveler reviews, 4,228 candid photos, and great deals for Kyle of Lochalsh, UK, at Tripadvisor. It is, without doubt, a Scottish icon and certainly one of the most popular visitor attractions in the Highlands. , The only drawing of the castle prior to its destruction was made in 1714 by Lewis Petit (c. 1665–1720), a military engineer with the Board of Ordnance who came to Scotland in 1714 to survey Fort William and other defences in the area. His allies a series of retaliatory raids, Donald Gorm learned that Eilean Donan that the hexagonal was. - Lt. Col. John MacRae-Gilstrap and Isabella Mary... Eilean Donan castle and a of. 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