Listening to young people about issues that matter to them is an important commitment of the government. (Incorporates changes in the Council of Ministers as on 09.10.2020) Click here to download ( PDF format ) They hold important portfolios, like home, defence, finance, external affairs and railways etc. But the President has little power in this regard because the Prime Minister and the Council of Ministers are directly responsible to the Lok Sabha. minister of state. Cabinet exercises, in practice, the powers of the council of ministers and thus, acts for the latter. Legislative Power. We bring the articles in UPSC way for the civil services aspirants and the Wisest Way for general readers. This means that, ministers fall and stand together. The President’s special address is prepared by the Cabinet. He is the crisis manager-in-chief at the political level during emergencies. The Prime Minister with the backing of the majority party or groups in the Parliament is the real executive head of the nation (i.e., de-facto head). According to the Constitution, it is the duty of the Prime Minister to communicate to the President for all the decisions of the Council of Ministers relating to the administration of the union and the proposals for legislation. The Prime Minister allocates and reshuffles various portfolios among the ministers. The Cabinet is instrumental in planning and moving the Amendment to the Constitution. The current responsibilities and traditions of the office stem from the creation of the contemporary Polish state, and the office is defined in the Constitution of 1997. The Prime Minister (PM) is appointed by the President, who according to convention, invites the leader of the majority party or group in the Lok Sabha to form the Government. However, after 44th Amendment Act such proclamation can only be made after the written recommendation of the Cabinet to the President. The Council of Ministers was appointed recently and the allotment of portfolio. The Council of Ministers consists of all categories of Ministers- Cabinet Ministers, Ministers of State and Deputy Ministers. Mr. Ishwar Pokharel. Thus, it has collective functions. This quick video explains the office of the Prime Minister and Council of Ministers. He acts as a link between the President and the Council of Ministers. They are sometimes invited to the Cabinet meetings to discuss matters related to their departments. Answer:The leader of the political party securing absolute majority in the Lok Sabha is appointed by the President as the Prime Minister. In short, Prime Minister is the leader of the Council of Ministers. Question 1: Who is known as the ‘Keystone of the Cabinet arch’? the prime minister. They are: The Indian constitution provides for a parliamentary form of government based on British pattern and the council of ministers headed by the prime minister is the real executive authority in Indian’s politico-administrative system. He announces government policies on the floor of the House. Prime Minister is the principal channel of communication between the President and the council of ministers. Further, constitutionally the Prime Minister may be a member of any of the two Houses of parliament. The Prime Minister is the principal advisor to the President. 1594 Sofia, 1 Dondukov Blvd . Only Cabinet Ministers have a right to attend meetings of the Cabinet. It is Prime Minister who decides the size of CoM. As a leader of the nation, he meets various sections of people in different states and receives memoranda from them regarding their problems, and so on. The Prime Minister is the leader of the Lower House in the Parliament and the Chief Sopkesperson of the Government in the Parliament. All major appointments are decided by the Cabinet and appointed by the President. The office of the Prime Minister has been created by the Constitution. Right of Persons with Disabilities Act, 2016, UN Convention Right of Person with Disability(UNCRPD), Protection of Women from Domestic Violence Act 2005, Sexual Harassment Women at Workplace Act,2013, Comparison between powers of Lt Governor of Delhi and Puducherry, Five years of the Pradhan Mantri Fasal Bima Yojana. The Indian constitution provides for a parliamentary form of government based on British pattern and the council of ministers headed by the prime minister is the real executive authority in Indian’s politico-administrative system. The Prime Minster is the Chief Coordinator between various ministries on policy issues. months, within which, he should become a member of either House of Parliament; otherwise, he ceases to be the Prime Minister. But, when no party has a clear majority in the Lok Sabha, then the President may exercise his personal discretion in the selection and appointment of the Prime Minister. central switchboard: (+359 2) 940 29 99. It states that the ministers shall hold office during the pleasure of the President. It also mentions that The advice tendered by Ministers to the President shall not be inquired into in any court. The Cabinet is the ultimate decision-making body of the executive within the Westminister System of Government in Traditional Constitution Theory. He advises the President with regard to the appointment of important officials like attorney general of India, Comptroller and Auditor General of India, Chairman and members of the UPSC, election commissioners. The Parliament keeps an effective check on the power of the Prime Minister. The President may use his discretionary power to appoint the Prime Minster, when no single party or group secures the majority in the House but has to appoint when the person who can prove his majority in the House with the support of some smaller groups or parties. Chief Minister is the head of the Council of Ministers of his State. Prime minister KP Sharma Oli addresses the meeting of the Council of Ministers at his official residence in Baluwatar, Kathmandu, on Friday, December 25, 2020. Answer:Prime Minister is known as the ‘Keystone of the Cabinet arch’. But the article 75 of the constitution says only that the Prime. The entire ministry is obliged to resign. Council of Ministers is the body that advises the President on various matters and is formed to assist the Prime Minister in running Government. The Prime Minister hosted the Council for Science and Technology at Downing Street this afternoon. It also mentions that theThe total number of ministers, including the Prime Minister, in the Council of Ministers shall not exceed 15% of the total strength of the Lok Sabha. The Parliament exercises control over the Prime Minister through question-hour, calling attention motion, No-Confidence motion and other discussions. The minister hold office during the pleasure of the President. It was incorporated by the 44th Constitutional Amendment Act in Article 352 of the Constitution in 1978. PM is the chairman of t NITI Aayog, Governing council of NITI Aayog, National Integration Council, Inter-State Council and National Water Resources Council. Council of Ministers convenes on dialogue with Baghdad and recent unrest Erbil, Kurdistan Region, Iraq (GOV.KRD) - Prime Minister Masrour Barzani today chaired a cabinet meeting to discuss ongoing negotiations with the Federal Government and recent protests in several cities by … They maintain order and peace in the state. of the total number of members of the House of the People. term of office. The Council of Ministers are appointed by the President on the advice of the Prime Minister. It mentions that there shall be a Council of Ministers with the Prime Minister as the head to aid and advise the President who shall, in the exercise of his functions, act in accordance with such advice. Thus, it did not find a place in the original text of the Constitution. It is the duty of the prime minister : To communicate to the President all decisions of the council of ministers relating to the administration of … The power and functions of the Council of Ministers is stipulated in Article 77 of the Constitution. The President is the only nominal ruler while the real executive powers are envisaged in the Prime Minister. The members of the majority group/party elect their leader in the Lok Sabha to be appointed as the Prime Minister. In addition to the above-mentioned three major roles, the Prime Minister has various other roles. Though current retail details about who holds what portfolio does not make any sense for UPSC preparation but static portions related to the topic become important. The Prime Minister is the leader of the Council of Ministers. According to the Prime Minister, the Council of Ministers has also approved the draft Media Proclamation which governs print and broadcast media, also introducing a legal framework for online media. They are junior ministers and are placed under senior ministers whom they have to assist. Council of Ministers. Losing confidence of the Prime Minister leads to dismissal by the President. According to this the President shall administer the oath of office and secrecy to a minister. However, the Constitution (91st Amendment Act, 2003) put a ceiling on the size of the Council of Ministers to 15% of the strength of the Lok Sabha or the State Legislatures. The President may call for information regarding the affairs of the Union and the Prime Minister has to furnish such information. According to the 42nd Amendment to the Constitution, the President shall act in accordance with the advice rendered by the Council of Ministers expressed through the Prime Minister. … In such a situation, the President usually appoints the leader of the largest party or coalition in the Lok Sabha as the Prime Minister and asks him/her to seek a vote of confidence in the House within a month. 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